Diet and lifestyle in Hypertension Management

Changes in single nutrients such as reducing sodium have been the main focus on dietary interventions to prevent and treat hypertension. However, weight reduction, adopting the DASH eating pattern (which vegetables, emphasizes fruits, whole grains ,low-fat dairy foods, , poultry, fish and nuts and is low in saturated fat, total fat and cholesterol) and engaging in physical activity have potentially the same or greater effect on managing hypertension as sodium reduction.

The prevalence of hypertension is high and increasing worldwide. Drug therapy is effective, but for both "prehypertensive" and treated hypertensive patients, lifestyle changes are also important. Dietary modification is a key part of these changes, although skepticism about the role of diet in determining blood pressure has slowed implementation of the available guidelines. However, there is now a large body of evidence supporting a role for dietary salt, potassium, alcohol, and body mass in determining blood pressure.

  • Smoking cessation
  • Dietary potassium
  • Maintenance therapy and reassessment
  • Resources for promoting lifestyle management to patients
  • Salt sensitivity and resistance

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